There are two main types of engines in use today: gasoline and diesel. Although diesel cars are more prevalent in the United Kingdom than in the United States, hybrids are more prevalent in the United States than diesel automobiles. There are still very few electric drives in use. When it comes to the type of drive individuals want in their future automobile, hybrids and electric drives are favored above diesel drives. Electric vehicles are regarded as eco-friendly and sustainable. When it comes to whether electric drives are cost-effective or appropriate for everyday usage, opinions differ. Particularly in the United States, a small subset of individuals considers electric vehicles to be sporty.
The electric car is a type of alternative-fuel vehicle that is propelled by electric motors instead of internal combustion engines.
1.2. Merits of Electric Cars
- Less pollution
- Less particulate matter
- Sustainable technology
- Increased driving awareness
- State subsidies on purchase prices
1.3. Demerits of Electric Cars
- Insufficient charging stations
- Low travel range
- High purchasing cost
- Long charging times
- Immature battery technology
- High maintenance costs
1.4. Covid 19 impact on electric vehicle market
COVID-19 pandemic forced several nations to implement a total lockdown of more than two months which had a great influence on automobile manufacturing. As a result, manufacturing plants throughout the world have been shut down, and vehicle sales have been severely impacted. The majority of automakers, on the other hand, resumed car manufacturing with limited output and required safeguards in place to ensure safety. As demand for zero-emission vehicles rose in the latter months of 2020, the situation then improved, but overall EV producers did not suffer much. Consequently, the market’s demand for electric vehicles grew significantly as a result of this.
1.5. Future of Electric Cars
While the cost and availability of high energy batteries with short charging times and long lifespans are important, all other aspects of battery-powered vehicles, including the motors, controller, and charging systems, have reached maturity levels that make them cost-competitive with internal combustion engine components.
It has been shown that the specific energy of lithium-ion, lithium-polymer, and zinc-air batteries is high enough to provide a comparable range and recharging time to traditional automobiles.
The tesla motors VP of business development, Diarmuid O’Connell, claims that 30 percent of cars on the road by 2020 will be battery, electric or hybrid. There are enough lithium deposits to power 4 billion electric cars, according to estimates.
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